Immigration Lawyers

A lawyer is a person who has the responsibility of advising his clients on legal matters and represents them in the courts of law. Immigration lawyers are lawyers who help people deal with processes that permit them to become a citizen. They assist people who desire entry into the United States for the purpose of tourism, employment, and higher studies or to gain citizenship. An experienced immigration lawyer provides foreigners with the assistance they need to make a trip to the United States successful. US Immigration lawyers also deal with issues relating to the associated legal rights, duties, and obligations of foreigners in the United States. Immigration lawyers deal with the procedures involved with naturalization of foreign nationals. They also deal with legal issues concerning people who are refugees or asylees, people who cross U.S. borders by means of fraud or other illegal means, and those who traffick or otherwise illegally transport foreigners into the United States.

Immigration lawyers are successful in providing all types of immigration visas and petitions, including H1B visas, E treaty trader or investor visas, family residency and employment-based permanent residency visas. They also assist with visa waivers, religious visas, citizenship or naturalization, immigration court proceedings and deportation or removal hearings. Most of the lawyers and attorneys work in private firms. They also practice individually, providing legal services. Some immigration lawyers work on a contingency fee basis. The immigration lawyers employed by the government work at the county, state, or federal level, depending on their experience.

Quite a few lawyers offer “a la carte” legal work. Instead of handling an entire case, lawyers prepare only parts of a case. In certain cases, lawyers only advise their clients. Such lawyers only provide the right amount of legal help that the client absolutely needs and can afford. Usually, in these cases, the lawyer does not represent the client in court Even though this practice is still controversial in some segments of the legal fraternity; organizations like the American Bar Association have gladly accepted the concept.

Cheap, Affordable Bankruptcy Without Lawyers – Beat the New Higher Bankruptcy Costs and Save on Fees

Higher Bankrupt Costs Since the New Law, So How Can Debtors Get Cheap Affordable Bankruptcy Without Lawyers?

WHY THE NEW BANKRUPTCY LAW WAS ENACTED

On October 18, 2005, the new bankruptcy law, called the “Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Prevention Act of 2005” (BAPCPA), went into effect in the United States. At that time, there was no anticipation that a rising higher bankruptcy costs would sooner result with the new law. However, recent reports find that the new law brought such results, and that there are more American debtors going bankruptcy without lawyers.

The new law had been prompted principally by the general clamor and intense outcry and lobbying of the well-financed, well-organized, and properly connected but powerful, American banking and credit card industries and the bankruptcy lawyers, who had contended that the old bankruptcy law was supposedly “too soft on debtors,” and that the “excessive generosity” of the old bankruptcy system supposedly encouraged abuse and allowed many undeserving debtors who, they said, could well have afforded to pay their debts, to take undue advantage by using Chapter 7 bankruptcy to avoid repaying their debts.

That claim was NOT at all true. In deed, almost every credible study that had been conducted on the subject, and most experts that testified before Congress, had held otherwise. However, Congress disregarded such evidence. In stead, it promptly responded by passing the BAPCPA law, any way.

In consequence, the stated and yet unmistakable purpose of this law was essentially to discourage debtors from filing bankruptcy by making it more stringent and expensive to file. The new law was to do that by forcing people who, it was said, could actually “afford” (through a determination by a complex “means test” calculation) to repay some of their debts, into filing for bankruptcy under Chapter 13, instead of under Chapter 7 – that is, the type of bankruptcy (Chapter 13) which requires that the debtor will repay at least some, if not most or all, of their debts.

HAS THE NEW LAW ATTAINED ITS ORIGINAL OBJECTIVE?

But lo and behold, today, it is now some 5 years later into the new bankruptcy law. The actual results and effects of the new law are just beginning to emerge. And the question is: has the BAPCPA law actually attained the basic objective for which it had supposedly been originally designed?

Actually, on one major goal of the law – the goal of discouraging debtors from filing bankruptcy and drastically curtailing the rise in bankruptcy filings by debtors – the BAPCPA law has, to date, turned out to be a woeful failure. In deed, as we speak today, there is a NEAR RECORD RISE IN BANKRUPTCY FILING. For example, in the 12-month period ending June 30, 2010, bankruptcy filings rose 20 percent, according to statistics released by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts. A total of 1,572,597 bankruptcy cases were filed nationwide in that period, compared to 1,306,315 bankruptcy cases filed in the previous 12-month period ending June 30, 2009, making it the highest number of filings for any period since the BAPCPA law went into effect in October 2005.

How the New Law Has Made Bankruptcy More Cumbersome and Costly for Debtors

It is, however, on the second major consequence caused by the law, that its impact has become far more profound for the average debtor or bankruptcy filer. Namely, on the fact that the new law has made bankruptcy far more cumbersome for the debtors, and has simply brought rising higher bankruptcy costs, causing debtors to seek cheap affordable bankruptcy without lawyer.

Historically, the ability of the average debtor reasonably to file for bankruptcy and to be reasonably discharged of his/her debt burden, and to obtain a fresh start to begin life anew relatively unhindered by the past debts, has been a fundamental but vital and long-standing part of the American law and life. In deed, that right is one of a handful of fundamental rights specifically named by the original U.S. Constitution and guaranteed under it. However, contrary to that fundamental American value, the new bankruptcy law of 2005 introduces into the bankruptcy system, perhaps for the first time ever, elements which drastically limit the extent of the exercise and enjoyment of this basic right by the average debtor. It does this by placing an array of new hurdles, financial as well as legal, on the path of the overburdened American debtor who seeks the “fresh start” protection that bankruptcy has traditionally offered the American debtor.

Some Examples of How the New Law Has Done this. The new law:

• Now makes it harder for debtors to discharge certain types of debts.
• Forces a greater proportion of debtors to repay their debts.
• Imposes special responsibilities and restrictions uncommon even on bankruptcy lawyers and Bankruptcy Paper Preparers (e.g., lawyers are now required to personally vouch for the accuracy of the debt and financial information their debtor clients provide them, and to do more paperwork ), handing lawyers an excuse to jack up their fees for bankruptcy even higher than before.
• Imposes tremendous restrictions and undue scrutiny upon the Bankruptcy Paper Preparers (the name given by the Bankruptcy Code for non-lawyers who help debtors with their bankruptcy paperwork), the net result of which has now been to discourage affordable assistance for bankruptcy filers and thus chase them into the offices of bankruptcy lawyers who charge some 50 times the fee of the BPPS to do basically the same thing for the debtor.
• Require debtors to undergo credit and budget counseling, and
• Subject bankruptcy filers to a mountain of paperwork, documentation and procedures that could be quite daunting for anyone, in order to file for bankruptcy.

EExorbitant Lawyers’ Fees for bankruptcy Filers the Biggest
Consequence of the New Law

Today, some 5 years after the operation of the new BAPCPA law, it is almost crystal clear now that the biggest consequences of these new array of hurdles brought about by the new law on the American debtor, is that there has been rising higher bankruptcy costs with the new law and an exorbitant lawyers’ fees for bankruptcy filers, and which has caused the debtor to seek cheap affordable bankruptcy without lawyer

Bankrupt Cost Higher

For example, according to a study released in January 2010 by Katherine Porter, associate professor of law at the University of Iowa, and her colleague, Ronald Mann, a professor of law at Columbia University, titled “Save on Bankruptcy fees,” (primarily because attorney fees and court filing fees have risen so dramatically under the new law) most debtors in current times simply find it too expensive to file for bankruptcy. For example, the average lawyers’ fee for a simple bankruptcy in parts of the country today, has reportedly shut up to a whopping sum of $2,500 for a simple Chapter 7 bankruptcy, and about $4,500 for a Chapter 13, among other new complications now to be confronted by the debtor who wishes to file for bankruptcy.

But Don’t Despair. There are Still Some Available Low-cost, Affordable Options for Debtors to File Bankruptcy!

Now, true, for many a debtor the new law has brought rising higher bankrupt costs. But, as a debtor wanting to file bankruptcy, how do you remedy this major hurdle? That may mean, for example, how do you get cheap affordable bankruptcy without lawyers? Actually, one answer seems to be that the American debtors and consumers have become increasingly adept at finding a “new” alternative for getting their bankruptcy filing needs done – AFFORDABLY.

One such major legitimate option and excellent alternative open to debtors under the U.S. Bankruptcy law, and which is now becoming increasingly “popular” among them as their way to file bankruptcy, is the use by debtors of low-cost, cheap, non-lawyer helpers to assist the bankruptcy filers with their bankruptcy paperwork. Called Bankruptcy Paper Preparers or BPP under the bankruptcy law, these helpers are often skilled paralegals. The better ones among them, when correctly selected, are specially trained and experienced specialists in the bankruptcy process, often exactly the same paralegals that bankruptcy lawyers employ in their own offices in doing the bankruptcy work for their debtor clients.

Stephen Elias, a California attorney and bankruptcy specialist and author of several books on the subject, summed up this fact and trend this way: “Surveys have shown that many attorneys have doubled their fees to cope with new requirements imposed by the BAPCPA of 2005. Many thousands of debtors have therefore been priced out of lawyer representation in their bankruptcies.”

Hence, adds Elias: “Because of rules governing the practice of law, the only legal alternative to attorney representation is self representation… Bankruptcy Petition Preparers can assist with your paperwork.”

NEED MORE INFORMATION?

As a debtor wishing to file affordable bankruptcy, how do you remedy the problem of the rising higher bankruptcy costs of the 2005 law? How do you get cheap affordable bankruptcy without lawyer, or with lawyer? For more information on how a growing number of dabtors specifically end the “too broke to even declare bankruptcy syndrome” problem by using low-cost non attorney assistance, such as a good federally-approved Debt Relief Agency or Bankruptcy Paper Preparer, to secure your Constitutional right to bankruptcy protection, please visit this site: http://www.afford-bankruptcy.com/proSeBankruptcyTrend.html

====================================================================

Personal Injury Lawyers and Attorneys

Personal Injury Lawyers and Attorneys (PI Lawyers and Attorneys) provide specialized legal expertise, to anyone who has been either physically injured, or psychologically injured, due to negligence or wrong doings by a person, or any registered entity (small business, company, government organization, etc). They are highly knowledgeable and experienced in the area of law called “tort law”, which includes civil wrong-doing, as well as economic and non-economic damage to your body, rights, reputation, or property. They are licensed and trained in all areas of law; however, they typically handle only “tort law” cases.

Most common cases requiring these specialized Lawyers or Attorneys involve injuries, automobile accidents, defective products, medical malpractice or mistakes, slip-and-fall accidents, and much more.

Generally, they are qualified “trial lawyers”, though most personal injury cases settle “out of court”, rather than go to trial. They must adhere to both professional and ethical codes of conduct set down by the bar association. Once registered to practice law with the bar association, They can legally file legal complaints, argue cases, draft legal documents, and offer personal injury advice to victims.

Commonly referred to as “plaintiff attorneys” or “plaintiff lawyers”, PI Lawyers and Attorneys are responsible for interviewing prospective clients to evaluate the legal matter, identify distinct issues within the larger problem, and extensively research each issue to build the strongest case. Ultimately, professional responsibility is to secure justice and maximum compensation for loss and suffering.

PI Lawyers and Attorneys owe their clients “duty of loyalty” and “duty of confidentiality”, and must have their clients’ best interests at heart. In order to practice, they have passed lengthy written bar examinations, and, in most cases, written ethics examinations. They have also completed a general four-year law degree from an accredited law university.

Once admitted to the bar association, Personal Injury Lawyers and Attorneys are required to remain up-to-date on all the latest legal/non-legal developments relevant to their field of practice, completing a regular number of ongoing legal education to stay ahead of developments in their field. By limiting the types of personal injury cases they accept, they are able to refine their specialized knowledge and experience. To be certified as a specialist in injury law, however, a lawyer must complete specialty certification.

This allows the bar Association to enforce strict standards of competence, knowledge, and experience, which PI Lawyers and Attorneys must meet in order to be recognized in their area of practice as a specialist. As you can see from the PI Lawyers and Attorneys who appear on the webpage link at the bottom of this article, Lawyers who complete their specialty certification program, in personal injury law, at an accredited university, are recognized as personal injury specialists, and are your best chance of securing a guaranteed result to your personal injury claim.